There had been a great amount of dreams that could be told and analyzed by different individuals according to their own opinions. However, as for Freud, the scientific findings of dreams at that time was not adequate since people did not comprehend the nature of dreams as well as the methods of explanation. By giving out certain examples of previous theories, Freud pointed out that the main factor that limited the development of interpreting dreams was religion.
In ancient times, dreams were influential toward people’s ideas about university and souls. Such works published by scholars, though reputed, were considered as incomplete for their failure of interpreting the nature of dreams. Moreover, primitive evaluations were prevalent, having the majority of people still believe in that dreams were connected to religious beliefs and capable of predicting the future. They regarded dreams as supernatural phenomena. With overly diverse impression on this subject, people thus could not come up with systematic ideologies. The only difference of interpretation, as Freud stated, is their view of humanity.
Although some insightful scholars tried to classify dreams into two types, which had little connection with Freud’s main ideas, people still linked dreams to divinity. Yet the seemingly groundbreaking interpretation was given by Aristotle, who said that dreams were not the revelation of supernaturality, but rather controlled by people’s spirit that somewhat imply diseases. What diseases, however, were not specifically presented, and Aristotle’s thesis could not successfully get rid of superstition.
Even in Freud’s generation, people were still covered by the belief of supernaturality. Some intelligent people that were excellent in academic researches and operating businesses could not give out the truly scientific explanation. What’s worse, some scientists knew that supernatural phenomena could not explain the dreams. But due to the debates concerning the issue, the field of research was stunned. The main reason, Freud argued, was that there existed so many materials – dreams – that were needed to be processed through systematic and scientific methods.
In my opinion, Freud’s debunk was aggressive and emphatic, leaving nothing beneficial toward the old theories. Therefore, something that was helpful for Freud’s main idea was demanded in order to make his claim more convincing. After all, it is impossible for people to form their own theories without looking at others’. For example, Freud thought that dreams were incarnation of thoughts and wishes. His main goal of interpreting dreams is to deeply understand the humans’ subconsciousness. No need to mention id and ego. In order to make dreams come true, people rather need to think about the ways to have those things happen. This example is actually a great evidence of Freud’s development of ancient people’s theories classifying dreams into two categories: one is valuable and can warn people; the other is thoughtless, bringing people with confusion. The classification provided Freud with insights into sublimate the topic higher into the field of philosophy, which is the basic ideological laws every person need to obey.
Though all over the first chapter, Freud did not made it clear whether he harnessed old ideas, it is necessary to notice that Freud did a great breakthrough in the field of psychology. In the age of consecutive scientific revolutions, many great scientists arose and fought against mundane and corrupted superstitions. Freud is one of them.